The Landforms of Gujarat are dynamic and diverse in topography. Gujarat is home to 500 mammals and 500 bird species and various reptiles and amphibians. The state is a favorite destination for worldviews. Bird lovers and photographers across the world visit in large numbers to view the wildlife in their natural habitat. Gujarat has 4 National parks and 21 wildlife sanctuaries all managed by the forest department and the government of Gujarat.
Some Park and Wildlife sanctuaries are discussed below.
The Gujarat wildlife tour will enrich your first-hand experience with the wildlife and their habitats.
Gir National Park
Gir National Park and Wildlife sanctuary is located in the Junagadh district of Gujarat. The park spreads across an area of about 1,295 square km. The deciduous region is the only habitat for Asiatic Lions. These majestic cats can be spotted roaming free in the wild. Apart from Lions and leopards, there are smaller carnivores like Jackals, striped hyenas, and wild foxes. It’s interesting to watch four horned Chinkara grazing around, other herbivores include the Sambar, Blue bull, and Antelope. The water area of the sanctuary is the breeding spot for the marsh crocodile, tortoise, and monitor lizard. Snakes like cobras, vipers, and others crawl in the lush bushes and along the streams. The reserved area has flourished with more than 300 species of birds. Some birds frequently visiting include Serpent Eagle, Woodpecker, Rock Bush-Quail, and Indian Pita. Jungle Safari on a Jeep with an assistant guide will help you see the lions and other species from a close range and provide you with the utmost information.
If you visit 15 days after Holi, you can attend the folk dance and food festival by the Maldhari and the Siddis tribe.
Top attractions in Gir National Park include Kamleshwar Dam and Kankai Mata. Temple, Kankai forest check post, and Jamjir Waterfall.
Velavadar Blackbuck National Park
This park spreads across 34 square km and is located 47 km from Bhavnagar. The grassland stretches between two seasonal rivers and is famous for blackbucks. The beautiful, fast antelopes with spiraling horns leaping, running, feeding, and drinking water is a sight to watch. Over 120 species of birds can be spotted around the park. The wetland part attracts birds like Flamingos, White storks, cranes, and Raptors. Lesser floricans one of the rarest birds in the world are spotted here. If you visit the park in the early morning you can catch a glimpse of wolves and hyenas. A wildlife safari to this park will allow you to watch the prolific wildlife from close range. Carry binoculars to catch actions in the park.
Also, you can visit Takhteshwar Temple. A temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Marine National Park and Sanctuary
Marine National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Gulf of Kutch in Jamnagar District and spreads across 163 square km. The region offers a peek into marine habitats including grasslands, marshy areas, creeks, coral reefs, and mangroves. The mangroves are a breeding spot for endangered species of birds such as the Darter, Painted Stork, and Black-necked ibis. It’s spectacular to watch many species of birds such as Gulls, Kingfishers, and Eagles swooping down to catch fish. Winter season thousands of migratory birds flying in V-formations assemble on the banks. The water land is home to 40 species of aquatic animals including giant sea anemones, colored starfish, and octopus. The beaches of the coast are a habitat for Green Sea Turtles, olive ridleys, and leatherbacks.
Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary
The coral area about 121 sq. km is a natural lake with shallow waters and lagoons. Several species of migratory birds travel here in winter. The sanctuary breeds cranes, storks, spoonbills, ducks, and geese. This sanctuary is reputed and is inhabited by several endangered species including Flamingos.
A boat ride is a good idea for bird lovers and photographers.
Rann of Kutch
Rann of Kutch is divided into Great Rann of Kutch and Little Rann of Kutch. Rann of Kutch is an expanse of cracked earth, inland from the sea that will leave you spellbound. The water bodies and shrub forest are homes to wild assets and beautiful birds.
The Great Rann of Kutch
The sanctuary is a salt marsh in the Thar desert and is the largest salt desert in the world. Thousands of Flamingos gather here flying, pecking, and catching fish. Some birds like Houbara, Spoonbill, bustard eagle, Kite, and common cranes are spotted here frequently. A tour here is an enchanting experience. Walking or riding in deserts and watching the sunset is a treat.
Little Rann of Kutch
The entire region is an expanse of arid and muddy salt-flat land. This sanctuary has around 300 species of birds and 42 mammal species including Wild Ass. Birds like the Houbara bustard, eagle, pelican, kites, flamingos, and common cranes are spotted here. This sanctuary is inhabited by endangered species of birds including Florican. The hospitality of the department towards the tourist is admiring.
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